This paper provides an introduction to school choice analysis from the perspective of economics. The contributions from different fields and researchers is compiled and organized in a thematic manner. We first define the issue and highlight the advantages of an economic perspective about it. The brief history of the school choice debate is introduced and the most influential contemporary authors presented. We discuss several theoretical arguments both in favor and against school choice from the schools and districts perspective (supply side), and students-parents view (demand side). The most important results from existing experiments are also summarized.

We conclude there are two fundamental issues the analysis should incorporate: how information about school choice is disclosed to parents and schools, and how a proper evaluation about the programs is necessary. About the latter, we emphasize the necessity to select a proper control group and allowing enough time go by before analyzing the effectiveness of the programs being evaluated.