Teacher’s Manual for Adapting Science Experiments for Blind and Visually Impaired Students

Authors: Matthew Dion, Karen Hoffman, Amy Matter

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Contents: 

1    Introduction................................................................................................................. 1

2    Teaching the Blind and Visually Impaired............................................................. 3

2.1   How Blind and Visually Impaired Students Learn.................................................. 3

2.2   Basic Teaching Guidelines....................................................................................... 5

3    General Guidelines for Making Adaptations.......................................................... 8

3.1   Principles of Adaptation......................................................................................... 8

3.2   Adaptations for Visually Impaired Students........................................................... 9

3.3   Adaptations for Blind Students............................................................................. 11

3.4   RNIB Questions.................................................................................................... 11

4    Laboratory Adaptations............................................................................................ 15

4.1   Safety Concerns..................................................................................................... 15

4.2   Skill Modification.................................................................................................. 17

4.3   Basic Tool Modification........................................................................................ 24

4.4   Advanced Tool Modification................................................................................ 32

4.5   New Devices.......................................................................................................... 38

5    Specific Experiments................................................................................................ 45

5.1   Pendulums............................................................................................................. 46

5.2   Evolution of Gases................................................................................................ 48

5.3   Distillation of Salt Water....................................................................................... 51

5.4   Conductivity of Acids........................................................................................... 53

5.5   Conversion of Energy............................................................................................ 55

5.6   Wave Generation................................................................................................... 57

6    Resource List............................................................................................................. 59